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Department of History
Course Catalog
92 Courses


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI101 2020-1 ARMY REPUB: LEADING CITZ SOLD 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE "The Army of the Republic: Leading Citizen Soldiers" introduces first-semester plebes to the history of the United States Army from the War of American Independence through the twentieth century through seminar-style learning at the college level. The course will use historical monographs, memoirs, letters, and written and recorded primary documents to explore the Army's history in its social, political, and cultural contexts. Particular emphasis will be placed on changing patterns of military service, the evolution of American military leadership, West Point's role in developing a professional officer corps, the variety of the Army's missions, the citizens' view of the Army, and the Army's place in a diverse citizen population.
2024 2
2025 1
2025 2
2026 1
2026 2
2027 1
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI105 2021-1 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI105, History of the United States, addresses the social, political, economic, foreign relations, and sectional of the nation from its colonial roots through the end of the 20th century. The course consists of three blocks of instruction, each followed by a major examination. Although this course is complete in itself, it complements HI108, Regional Studies in World History, by providing cadets an understanding of their own culture as a basis for studying foreign cultures. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108 2019-2 REGIONAL STUDIES IN WORLD HIST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions: Africa (stem identifier A), East Asia (E), Latin America (L), the Middle East (M), Russia (R), or Europe (U). The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108 combines with either HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108 2022-4 REGIONAL STUDIES IN WORLD HIST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions: Africa (stem identifier A), East Asia (E), Latin America (L), the Middle East (M), Russia (R), or Europe (U). The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108 combines with either HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108A 2021-1 RGNL STUDY WORLD HIST - AFRICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108X, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108A combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Africa stem (identifier A) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Africa.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108E 2021-1 RGNL STUD WORLD HIST - E. ASIA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108X, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108E combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The East Asia stem (identifier E) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout East Asia.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108L 2021-1 RGNL STUD WORLD HIST - L. AMER 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108X, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108L combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Latin America stem (identifier L) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Latin America.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108M 2021-1 RGNL STUD WORLD HIST - M. EAST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108X, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108M combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Middle East stem (identifier M) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout the Middle East.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108R 2021-1 RGNL STUDY WORLD HIST - RUSSIA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108X, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108R combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Russia stem (identifier R) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Russia, Central Asia, and the Caucasus.
2024 2
2025 1
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI108U 2021-1 RGNL STUDY WORLD HIST - EUROPE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI108X, Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI108U combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Europe stem (identifier U) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Europe.
2024 2
2025 2
2025 8
2026 2
2026 8
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI151 2020-1 ARMY REPUB: LEADING CITZ SOLD 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This is an advanced section of HI101: "The Army of the Republic: Leading Citizen Soldiers" which introduces first-semester plebes to the history of the United States Army from the War of American Independence through the twentieth century through seminar-style learning at the college level. The course will use historical monographs, memoirs, letters, and written and recorded primary documents to explore the Army's history in its social, political, and cultural contexts. Particular emphasis will be placed on changing patterns of military service, the evolution of American military leadership, West Point's role in developing a professional officer corps, the variety of the Army's missions, the citizens' view of the Army, and the Army's place in a diverse citizen population.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI155 2021-1 ADVANCED HISTORY OF THE U.S. 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course encompasses the same chronological period and thematic coverage as HI105, but it does so through monographic and periodical literature and a greater emphasis on classroom discussion. These courses assume some familiarity with American history and consequently place special emphasis on historical analysis and criticism. Moreover, students acquire a broader understanding of American history and the historian's methods.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158 2019-2 ADV REG STUD IN WORLD HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course encompasses the same chronological period and thematic coverage as HI108, but it does so through monographic and periodical literature and a greater emphasis on classroom discussion. These courses assume some familiarity with history and consequently place special emphasis on historical analysis and criticism. Moreover, students acquire a broader understanding of history and the historian's methods.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158A 2021-1 ADV REG ST WORLD HIST - AFRICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI158X, Advanced Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI158A combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Africa stem (identifier A) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Africa. The course is for cadets who have demonstrated advanced proficiency in history courses.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158E 2021-1 ADV REG ST WORLD HIST - E ASIA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI158X, Advanced Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI158E combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The East Asia stem (identifier E) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout East Asia. The course is for cadets who have demonstrated advanced proficiency in history courses.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158L 2021-1 ADV REG ST WLD HIST - LATIN AM 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI158X, Advanced Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI158L combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Latin America stem (identifier L) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Latin America. The course is for cadets who have demonstrated advanced proficiency in history courses.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158M 2021-1 ADV REG ST WLD HIST - MID EAST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI158X, Advanced Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI158M combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Middle East stem (identifier M) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout the Middle East. The course is for cadets who have demonstrated advanced proficiency in history courses.
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158R 2021-1 ADV REG ST WORLD HIST - RUSSIA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI158X, Advanced Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI158R combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Russia stem (identifier R) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Russia, Central Asia, and the Caucasus. The course is for cadets who have demonstrated advanced proficiency in history courses. .
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI158U 2021-1 ADV REG ST WORLD HIST - EUROPE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI158X Advanced Regional Studies in World History, is a detailed study of the development and critical events in the history of one of six regions, each with its own letter designation. As the stems are all a part of one course, cadets may not take multiple stems as electives. The focus on one region enables cadets to develop a deeper understanding of a different culture and unfamiliar ideas and concepts. The course also develops methods of historical research and analysis, critical thinking, lucid writing, and effective participation in classroom discussion. HI158U combines with HI105 or HI155 to form the plebe history sequence of the Core Academic Program. The Europe stem (identifier U) challenges cadets to study how social, political, economic, technological, and military factors have influenced international and multicultural relations and how these relations have influenced the development of specific societies, polities, cultures, economies, technologies, military systems, and gender roles throughout Europe. The course is for cadets who have demonstrated advanced proficiency in history courses.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI301 2023-1 HIST OF MILITARY ART TO 1900 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This one-term elective course traces the evolution of the art of war to 1900. Emphasis is placed on the changing character of warfare as nations adjusted to social, political, ideological, economic, and technological developments. The historical method is used as a tool for understanding war as a complex, ambiguous, and unpredictable human phenomenon. Analysis focuses on causation, the interrelationship of events as warfare evolved over the ages, operational and logistical aspects of military history, and the role of society in warfare.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 1
2025 8
2025 9
2026 1
2027 1
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI301H 2021-1 HISTORY OF MILITARY ART 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Temporary course for History Majors enrolled in HI301

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI301X 2020-2 HISTORY OF THE MILITARY ART 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This two term, upperclass core course traces the evolution of the art of war from the hundred years war through the Napoleonic era to the American civil war and the wars of the twentieth century. Emphasis is placed on the changing nature of warfare as nations adjust to social, political, economic and technological developments. Analysis focuses on causation, the interrelationship of events as warfare evolved over the ages, operational and logistical aspects of military history, and the role of society in warfare.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI302 2022-1 HIST OF MIL ART 1900- PRESENT 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This one-term, upperclass core course traces the evolution of the art of war from 1900 to the wars of the present day. Emphasis is placed on the changing character of warfare as nations adjusted to social, political, ideological, economic, and technological developments. The historical method is used as a tool for understanding war as a complex, ambiguous, and unpredictable human phenomenon. Analysis focuses on causation, the interrelationship of events as warfare evolved over the ages, operational and logistical aspects of military history, and the role of society in warfare.
2024 2
2024 4
2024 8
2024 9
2025 1
2025 2
2025 4
2025 8
2025 9
2026 1
2026 2
2026 4
2026 8
2026 9
2027 1
2027 2
2027 4
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI302H 2021-2 HISTORY OF THE MILITARY ART 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Temporary course for History Majors enrolled in HI302.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI302X 2021-1 HISTORY OF THE MILITARY ART 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This two term, upperclass core course traces the evolution of the art of war from the hundred years war through the Napoleonic era to the American civil war and the wars of the twentieth century. Emphasis is placed on the changing nature of warfare as nations adjust to social, political, economic and technological developments. Analysis focuses on causation, the interrelationship of events as warfare evolved over the ages, operational and logistical aspects of military history, and the role of society in warfare.
2024 2
2025 1
2025 2
2026 1
2026 2
2027 1
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI337 2021-2 CHINA: EMPIRE, REPUBLIC, & MAO 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course traces the history of China from its emergence as the dominant culture in East Asia in the 10th century to the present. It examines how the legacies of the Tang empire in China played out in the multi-state system that endured from 960 to the Mongol conquest, and then were reclaimed in the form of the Late Imperial state under the Ming and "foreign" Manchu rule. It considers the search for a "new China" under the Republic, which was established following the collapse of the Late Imperial state, and how that search fared during a time of competing warlords and the rise of nationalism. It shows why Mao came to represent a new utopian vision and how that vision tragically failed. Finally, the course explores how the search for "new China" and historical legitimacy continues today both on the mainland and in the continuation of the Republic in Taiwan.
2026 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI338 2020-2 WARFARE IN AGE OF REVOLUTIONS 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the theory and practice of warfare in Europe during the Age of Revolutions, roughly considered to be 1750 to 1814. Political revolutions such as the American and French Revolutions, along with other revolutions such as the Agricultural and the Industrial, and the intellectual ferment spawned by the Age of Enlightenment, all resulted in significant changes in the conduct of warfare. This course will examine those events, with particular focus on their relevance to the art of warfare. Themes include changes in military organization, doctrine, technology, and the accompanying social, political, and economic factors that influenced the armies of the day. The course will also cover the wars and campaigns that took place during this timeframe, including the American and French Revolutions and the wars of Napoleon.
2024 2
2026 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI339 2020-2 THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course enables cadets to explore the social, political, economic, and military interactions in the formation of the Modern Middle East. The first block examines the decline of the Gunpowder Empires and the subsequent penetration of European colonialism into the Islamic world (India, North Africa, Egypt, and the Levant), with emphasis on the factors that led to military decline of the Turkic world and the relative economic and military advantages of the European powers. During this block, students will discuss the Middle East's modernizing and reform efforts that European colonialism helped to catalyze, to include democratization, constitutions, capitalism, and industrialization. The second block covers the events that follow the World Wars and subsequent decolonization of the Middle East against the backdrop of the Cold War. Cadets will closely examine the Arab-Israeli conflict, the rise of Arab Nationalism and the tension between military revolutionary dictatorship and attempts at constitutional monarchy and republics. The final phase will begin with the Iranian revolution of 1979 and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. It will consider the rise of political Islam as a revolutionary ideology and the post-Cold War challenges leading to current wars and insurrections.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 1
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 1
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI340 2020-2 COLONIAL AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the international, political, social, cultural, and economic origins and development of colonial North America prior to the War for Independence, with attention to French and Spanish as well as British colonies. It explores the development of American identities and the significance of colonization and intercultural encounters for all the peoples, Native and European, of North America.
2026 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI341 2020-2 THE AGE OF EXPLORATION 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course concentrates on the on the 'age of exploration' and its impact on the Early Modern World, 1453-1715. It provides students interested in the history of Early Modern Europe, the Atlantic world, the history of Africa and colonial Latin America a general understanding of the ideologies and institutions that enabled Europe to colonize parts of Africa and the Americas during this important period in world history. Specific topics include: medieval precedents of early modern imperialism; theories of monarchy and empire; ideologies of conquest and colonization; the continuity of Native cultures and beliefs; the relevance of race and slavery in understanding European influence in Africa and the Americas; and the creation of an Atlantic economy.
2024 2
2026 2
2026 8

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI343 2020-2 MODERN GERMANY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is a survey of the German lands from the dawn of the modern era through contemporary times. The course will combine social, political, economic, and cultural history in examining crucial themes and developments related to the German-speaking regions. Cadets will consider German nation and state formation; social, demographic, and economic transformation; imperialism, war and ideological change; the transformation of male and female roles; and trends in high and popular culture. The course will include a significant segment on twentieth-century Germany and the role the German state played in determining the course of world history, whether as the Nazi state that unleashed the Holocaust or as the West German Cold War bulwark. German history has much to teach us, and has led to enormous debates about the nature of the modern era.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 2
2026 8
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI344 2020-2 MODERN DIPLOMACY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The course focuses on the major diplomatic developments in Europe from 1814 through the end of the Cold War in 1991. It traces the emergence of the European state system after the Treaty of Westphalia and the impact of the revolution in France on European diplomatic relations. It examines the diplomatic system established at the Congress of Vienna through the crises and conflicts of the mid-19th century. The course also examines the various factors that led to the First World War, the developments of the interwar period, the origins and conduct of the Second World War, and the origins of the Cold War. The final lessons will explore Europe's role in the Cold War, the rise of international organizations, trans-national diplomacy, the end of the Cold War, and recent modifications to Europe's role in world affairs.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 2
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2027 1
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI345 2020-2 MODERN AFRICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course takes a thematic approach to African history, describing the forces which led to the partitioning of the continent, the practices of European colonialism/imperialism, the emergence of independent African states, and political, economic, and social developments in contemporary Africa. The goal of the course is to focus on critical events, relationships, and themes on the continent that continue to effect current events.
2026 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI346 2022-2 INDIA, PAKISTAN, & BANGLADESH 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course explores the complex history of South Asia upon which the modern states of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are founded. The course examines cultural roots, religious developments, and traditions of power and authority in the multiplicity of states before the introduction of Islam. It goes on to consider the impact of later Muslim control much of South Asia. It covers British rule of South Asia and focuses particularly on the violent partition at independence in 1947 into India and Pakistan. It will examine the legacies of Gandhi, Jinnah as the founder of Pakistan, and Winston Churchill as a figure in British India policy. Lastly the course studies the development of states since independence, including the transition of East Pakistan into Bangladesh, with particular attention to ongoing struggles over religious and secular identities.
2024 2
2026 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI347 2020-2 ASIAN WARFARE AND POLITICS 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course explores the interaction between warfare and political systems in East Asia. It begins with the transition from military monarchy to bureaucratic empire in the Warring States Period. It then maps the rise of nomadic confederations in the Inner Asian steppe and their strategic interaction with the Han state. It traces how the collapse of the Han state led to military turmoil in East Asia, the rise of hybrid states, a new cosmopolitan empire, and then a multi-state system. It considers how in Japan, the importation of the bureaucratic state led first to centralization and then to the rise of the samurai and a feudal structure. Next, the course examines the development of a new form of nomadic confederation under the Mongols, and how Mongol warfare led to a more centralized state in China, and turmoil and a federalist system in Japan. In the modern period, the course considers how the challenge of Western military force led to political turmoil and the rise of the Communists in China, but in Japan led to the building of the Imperial Army, noted for its competence and for its atrocities. The course concludes with reflection on how the experience of war in East Asia continues to affect the region's politics and political structures.
2025 1
2027 1
2027 8

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI348 2020-2 MODERN LATIN AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course surveys the cultural, economic, political, and social evolution of Latin America from the era of independence to the present. The course begins with a brief examination of Pre-Colombian and colonial events and structures. Students will study the economic development of modern Latin America and its influence on social, political, and military change. Case studies of national histories, such as Mexico, Cuba, Brazil, Argentina, and other countries help to illuminate the broad themes that underlie modern Latin American history. The course will examine Latin American relations with the United States and other nations of the world.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 1
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 1
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI351 2021-2 ADV HISTORY OF MILITARY ART 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI351-352 parallels HI301-302. However, in addition to accelerated study of HI301-302 material, the cadet will study selected periods in greater depth and breadth. This course offers the cadet a more profound understanding of men and women as warriors and of the evolution of the art of war than would otherwise be available.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI352 2021-2 ADV HISTORY OF MILITARY ART 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI351-352 parallels HI301-302. However, in addition to accelerated study of HI301-302 material, the cadet will study selected periods in greater depth and breadth. This course offers the cadet a more profound understanding of men and women as warriors and of the evolution of the art of war than would otherwise be available.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI354 2021-2 WORLD WAR I IN GLOBAL CONTEXT 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course covers a seminal event in history and an era crucial to understanding the contemporary world. It examines the global origins, conduct, and outcome of the First World War by studying not only warfare, but also the major movements and trends that contributed to the outbreak of war, the methods and technologies used to wage it, and the theaters across the world in which it took place. In addition to the Western and Eastern Fronts in Europe, cadets will study campaigns in the Alps, Balkan Peninsula, Turkey, Palestine, Mesopotamia, East Africa, West Africa, and the sea. Cadets will consider how the industrial revolution, colonialism, and nationalism contributed to the war, and how scientific, political, and economic discourse and innovation shaped it?s progress and conclusion. The course will also examine how participants chose to remember and commemorate the largest and deadliest war in human history up to that point, as well as how the war has shaped the world since 1918.
2025 8
2026 8

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI355 2020-2 WARFARE-AGE OF INDUSTRIALIZTN 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the history of warfare around the globe from the Congress of Vienna through World War I and its aftermath. It combines the study of military campaigns with the political, economic, social, and cultural factors shaping military developments. It explores the impact of changing technology on the conduct of war, the development of nationalism, wars between nation-states, and wars for national freedom. This course contains several themes particularly useful to any modern soldier. Among them are the nature and intensity of national wars and the effect of changing technology on society and the conduct of war.
2025 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI357 2021-1 DECOLONIZATION & THE COLD WAR 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE During the Cold War, American policies of containment and collective security collided with attempts at communist expansion, wars of national liberation that resulted in the end of European empires throughout much of Africa and Asia (a process often called "decolonization"), as well as postcolonial conflicts shaped by the Cold War superpower confrontation. Cadets will examine the strategic conditions and political considerations influencing the use of force and diplomacy during this period. They will gain an appreciation for the various actors' decisions and experiences, how the Cold War and decolonization influenced societies across the globe, and the legacies of these conflicts.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI358 2021-1 POLICY, STRATEGY & GENERALSHIP 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines how political and military leaders develop and execute policy and strategy. The course begins with an examination of the rise of military professionalism and the creation of military staffs in the nineteenth century. It explores how political and military leaders integrate not only military power, but also diplomatic, economic, technological, social, and political resources to achieve a nation's goals. In particular, the course examines the often contentious issues of civil-military relations, joint and coalition warfare, and organizational and doctrinal change. Cadets study the strategic challenges faced by senior civilians and military leaders, thus allowing them to analyze warfare within a broader political-military context.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI359 2020-2 ERA OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the Interwar Years, 1919-1939, and the Second World War from a global perspective while using a thematic approach to compare the different experiences of each of the major belligerents. Whether covering the Versailles Treaty, the rise of Adolf Hitler, the US Army during the Great Depression, home fronts, or the Holocaust, the cadets in the course will examine the social, political, cultural, and economic factors that contributed to how belligerents waged war, and, in turn, how war affected each of these factors across the globe. The course covers how and why the belligerents planned and executed particular strategies and operations in the European, Pacific, and China-Burma-India theaters to achieve their coalition and national goals. Finally, this course examines the interrelationship of sea, air, and land forces, and the complexities of providing logistical support to joint and combined operations on an unprecedented scale.
2025 1
2025 8
2026 1
2026 8
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI361 2009-2 MEDIEVAL EUROPE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The millennium between the "fall" of the Roman Empire and the Voyages of Discovery--the Middle Ages--has often been characterized as brutish and inferior. Yet, this tough, fascinating society offered immeasurable potential for growth and adaptation. The personages and events of the European medieval world spawned many of the ideas and institutions of modernity. Topics for study will include the barbarian invasions, Byzantine Empire, Carolingian Europe, feudalism, medieval technology, Christian Church, medieval warfare, Crusades, rise of universities, crises of the 14th century, growth of monarchical power, and economic and social change.
2025 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI362 1990-1 POLITICS/SOC-EARLY MOD EURO 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE After tracing the legacy of the middle ages, this course concentrates on the development of the modern nation state in Europe, 1453-1648. Specific topics include the renaissance, humanism, the reformation, the age of religious wars, and the contrast between the growth of absolutist and constitutional governments. The latter portion of the course concentrates on the political, social, economic, diplomatic, and military trends that shaped modern Europe.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI364 2020-2 MODERN WESTERN EUROPE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is an introduction to European history from 1789 to the present. The course considers how and why Europe -- a small, relatively poor, and politically fragmented place -- became the engine of globalization and an important civilization in its own right. Our approach is broadly cultural, using politics, economics, society, religion, and other arenas to understand the events and people of Modern Western Europe. Chief topics: French Revolution, liberalism and the industrial revolution, socialism and the rise of labor, modern colonialism, world wars, communism and capitalism, decolonization, Cold War, and the European Union.
2024 2
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 2
2026 8
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI365 2009-2 THE ANCIENT WORLD 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the political development, cultural ideas, and fundamental institutions of the ancient societies that form the basis of Western civilization. The course will focus on civic values that established standards regarding the role of the individual within the community, and how concepts of virtue, duty, and service evolved over time in response to internal and external challenges. It explores in detail significant historical questions such as how Athenian democracy contributed to, and was dramatically affected by, the Peloponnesian Wars, and why the Romans' victory in the Punic Wars planted the seeds for the ultimate demise of the Republic and the transition to the Empire. HI365 also serves as an introduction to historical methods of analyzing primary sources. Cadets will read extensively from histories written by ancient Greek and Roman authors and form their own interpretations of the events the writers cover, their historical methods, and their reliability.
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI367 2020-2 IMPERIAL AND SOVIET RUSSIA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the political, social, and cultural history of Russia as it emerged from the Mongol era up to the present day. It explores the development of the Tsarist political and social systems, the emergence of literary, artistic, and revolutionary movements, and the development of Russia's position in European politics from the time of Peter I through WWI. It also covers the rise of the Soviet Union, the leadership's attempts to implement communist ideology and responses to that attempt, Russia's relationship with various national and ethnic groups, and the emergence of the Soviet Union as a superpower. The course concludes with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of new states in the 1990s.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 1
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 1
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI368 2020-2 MOD CENTRAL & E. EUR,1896-1989 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Between 1896 and 1989, Central and Eastern Europe experienced two world wars, at least three major revolutions, and radical industrial and environmental dislocations. The region witnessed everything from the birth of its modern culture to the creation of new post-World War I nation-states, to the Holocaust, to massive forced population shifts, to the creation of the communist Eastern Bloc, to the popular overthrow of Communism in 1989. Radical regimes on the right and left brought incredible change, quashed hopes, and produced both progress and suffering of unprecedented proportion. This course will examine life in late-19th and 20th century Habsburg Europe and its successor states of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. It will do so comparatively, highlighting themes of nation-creation, everyday life, social transition, war, revolution, and ethnic cleansing.
2026 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI369 2020-2 AMERICAN FRONTIERS 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI 369 enables cadets to explore the social, political, economic, and military interactions between many diverse cultures in North America during the period of European and U.S. expansion since 1500. The course does this by examining the history of Native America and the "American" West, which included much of colonial British North America, and much of the American South through the 1830s, along with Spanish, French, and other European frontiers in North America. The course integrates Native American, Latino, and economic history in the study of migration, cultural contact, and "international" relations on the frontiers of North America. The course also explores change and diversity in cultural perspectives by examining myths of the West from a range of ethnic and other viewpoints. The course is an elective in the American History stem of the history program, but can be taken for credit in the International stem as well.
2025 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI370 1999-1 ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL WARFARE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course focuses on warfare from the dawn of recorded history through the fourteenth century. Thus, it will provide cadets with opportunities to study the campaigns of Alexander, the military methods of the Romans, the military aspects of feudalism, the Scottish war of independence, and other topics which are not covered in the core military courses. Although the course includes in-depth analyses of certain battles and campaigns, it places more emphasis on "war and society" issues such as the relationship between military participation and social standing in human societies, the connections between armies and governments, and the impact of economic, technological and social change on military structures. Also, HI370 will shift some emphasis away from the operational level of war to the analysis of the strategic and tactical levels of war, and away from use of secondary sources to use of primary materials.
2024 2
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 2
2026 8
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI372 2020-2 US FGN RELATIONS SINCE 1898 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines American foreign relations from the nation's entry into the world arena as a major power in 1898 through both World Wars, and the Cold War, to its station in today's multipolar world. It is a study of the forces, events, personalities, and principles that have shaped America's role in the world and provided the framework for the development of current foreign policy.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI374 2001-1 HISTORY OF AFRICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course begins with a survey of pre-colonial Africa, including the evolution of early human cultures, the rise and fall of African civilization and states, the spread of Islam, and the contact between Africans and Europeans. It will then focus on the region south of the Sahara, describing the forces which led to the partitioning of the continent, the practices of European colonialism/imperialism, the emergence of independent African states, and political, economic, and social developments in contemporary Africa.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI375 1975-1 HISTORY OF CHINA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course begins with the emergence of distinct Chinese civilization and the rich legacies of early and dynastic China. It will then trace the history of the imperial period from the creation of the state, through the rise of different dynasties, barbarian invasion, and Mongol occupation, until the height of imperial power under the rule of the foreign Manchus. It will move to consider why China had such difficulty with its Western contacts in the 19th century and why China has experienced such turmoil in the 20th century. The course concludes by examining Mao's rise to power and the tragic events that followed. The emergence of Taiwan as a separate regional power is also discussed.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI376 2020-2 EARLY MODERN WARFARE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the history of warfare in Europe from the Renaissance through the campaigns of Frederick the Great. It combines the study of military campaigns with that of the political, economic, social, and cultural factors shaping military developments. It explores the so-called "Military Revolution" of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with particular emphasis on the relationships between military developments and state building, the rise of absolutism in France and the Wars of Louis XIV, and the rise of Prussia and the Wars of Frederick the Great. Study of the so-called "age of limited war" sets the stage for future study of the American Revolution and the Wars of the French Revolutions and Napoleon. This course contains several themes particularly useful to the modern soldier. Among them are the nature, intensity, and complexity of wars of religion.
2025 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI379 1978-1 HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course surveys the political, economic, and social evolution of Latin America by tracing its history from Pre-Colombian times through the 20th century. Beginning with an exploration of the three races that blend to create a unique Latin American culture, the course surveys the wide scope of Latin American history that has created Latin America, as we know it today. Specific attention is paid to the period of Spanish and Portuguese conquest and colonization, Latin America's fight for independence, and the subsequent struggle to build sovereign, modernized nations in the 19th century. This course ends by looking at the social revolutions and guerrilla insurgencies of the 20th century, and Latin America's attempt to overcome its historical problems of political instability, economic underdevelopment, and social stratification.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI381 2021-1 HISTORY OF IRREGULAR WARFARE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The course examines unconventional warfare from a historical perspective, particularly conflicts involving opponents with a significant disparity in their conventional military capabilities. Through several case studies, the course explores why belligerents succeed or fail in unconventional warfare and how ideology, technology, and social, political, and economic factors help determine the outcome of wars between regular and irregular forces. Covering a broad period of history, selected case studies include wars of conquest or colonization, revolutionary wars, and peacekeeping or constabulary operations.
2025 1
2025 8
2026 1
2026 8
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI383 2020-2 MIDDLE EASTERN WARFARE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course introduces cadets to a variety of issues affecting the nature and conduct of war in the geographic and cultural region bounded by Turco-Arabic languages. A special emphasis is to understand the utility of warfare in a specific social context, that of evolving Turco-Arabic methods of governance, military institutions, and military operations from the time of Muhammad to the Treaty of Karlowitz. Significant military issues in this geographically, demographically, ethnically, and culturally diverse region are explored to gain historical perspective into the various social, political, and religious legitimacies groups of people have exploited in the quest to dominate Islamicate civilizations from 600-1700 CE.
2024 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI385 1978-1 WAR & ITS THEORISTS 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Along with great commanders in history, there have been men who theorized about the nature and conduct of war, the relationship between politics and strategy, and the impact of warfare upon society. The course examines the contributions of selected theorists (Clausewitz, Sun Tzu, Jomini, Mahan, Fuller, Liddell Hart, Brodie, etc.). The student reads the theorists' major writings, analyzes their principal ideas, and studies their influence on military affairs. This will help the student reach his or her own conclusions about fundamental questions concerning the conduct and fundamental nature of war, such as the relative strength of offense vs. defense, or of material vs. morale factors.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI390 2020-2 EARLY NATIONAL AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Although the Constitution outlined the form of federal government in the United States, it left unanswered many questions concerning how that government should function. This course examines how, between 1790 and 1848, evolving political thought, economic development, changing social conditions, and sectionalism influenced successive generations' debates about the role of government in American life.
2025 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI391 2020-2 WORLD RELIGIONS 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course analyses the emergence, development and present cultural expression of the major religions of the world, emphasizing their 19th and 20th century experience. It also examines the development of religion in the ancient world and in pre-literate and non-technical societies. Cadets study the world's religions as molded by and as molders of the social, political and economic forces unique to particular cultures. Special attention is paid to the role of each religion in the formulation and adaptation of public and foreign policy.
2025 2
2025 8
2025 9
2026 1
2026 8
2026 9
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI392 2023-2 AMERICAN HISTORICAL MEMORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The stories we tell about our past matter, often on a grand scale. Narratives of the past produced by historians, artists, politicians, institutions, and communities reveal much about individual and collective identities within the United States. Such narratives often help shape local, regional, and national politics, institutions, identities, and values for both good and ill. This course examines American historical memory and the myriad ways in which American remembrance and commemoration of the past has interacted with, reflected, and affected contemporary conditions, communities, institutions, and values more than they have accurately narrated, portrayed, and commemorated past events. Ultimately this course will examine in a broad sense the role of history in shaping national identity and nationalism within the United States, and the place of history within American society and culture.
2025 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI394 2020-2 REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the social, political, and economic origins and consequences of the American Revolution through the adoption of the Constitution. It explores the development of an American identity and the meaning of the Revolution for all Americans, to include women, African Americans, and the poor.
2024 2
2026 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI395 2020-2 HIST OF CIVIL WAR AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course focuses on the causes and consequences of the American Civil War. Cadets will analyze the road to war, the war itself, and Reconstruction to place the entire period in its broader historical context. The course covers the ante-bellum South and North, focusing on the peculiar effect of slavery on society. Cadets will examine the home fronts to see the populace's reaction to war as both the Union and the Confederacy engage in conflict. In approaching Reconstruction, students will focus on the political, economic, and racial policies that were implemented to rebuild the nation.
2024 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI396 2020-2 MAKING OF MODERN AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Between 1877 and 1945 the United States fought three major wars, experienced dramatic economic growth, suffered the Great Depression, underwent significant social change, and emerged as the premier world power. This course analyzes these and related issues, emphasizing how and why the United States developed during the last quarter of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, and stressing the promises and problems that accompanied the making of modern America.
2026 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI397 2020-2 COLD WAR AMERICA 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the history of the United States from the end of World War II through the Reagan presidency. It assesses the political, social, and economic institutions of America in the dynamic context of relations with the Soviet Union. While the course deals primarily with domestic America, cadets will gain an appreciation for the close relationship between events at home and abroad.
2025 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI398 2024-2 CIVIL RIGHTS IN AMER HIST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the history of civil rights and the Civil Rights Movement in America from 1865 to the present, focusing on the earliest efforts to achieve civil rights for African Americans and the constant evolution of those efforts. This course focuses on the political, economic, and social issues that shaped understandings about civil rights, citizenship, race, class and gender, enriching the understanding of the fight for Civil Rights in American History beyond the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. While this course will focus primarily on African American civil rights and civil rights movements in American history, various other civil rights movements may be included for comparative analysis. Accordingly, this course will historicize issues related to race, ethnicity, and gender in ways that will better prepare future officers to lead in the modern Army.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI399 2015-7 HISTORY STAFF RIDE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE History Staff Ride analyzes various campaigns and battles focusing on enhancing cadet understanding of the relationship between the strategic, operational and tactical levels of war and gaining a heightened appreciation for the importance of leadership on the battlefield. Cadets begin with classroom preparation and intense study prior to the staff ride, and through travel, experience the battlefields first-hand. They gain a historical understanding of the campaigns, and by walking the terrain, develop the ability to analyze complex battlefield problems and conditions. The ability to plan, prepare and execute a staff ride, with a focus on cadet led presentations and discussions, will also be evaluated. In addition, cadets participate in a number of cultural activities during travel.
2024 7
2025 7
2026 7
2027 7

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI399A 2016-7 HISTORY STAFF RIDE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE History Staff Ride analyzes various campaigns and battles focusing on enhancing cadet understanding of the relationship between the strategic, operational and tactical levels of war and gaining a heightened appreciation for the importance of leadership on the battlefield. Cadets begin with classroom preparation and intense study prior to the staff ride, and through travel, experience the battlefields first-hand. They gain a historical understanding of the campaigns, and by walking the terrain, develop the ability to analyze complex battlefield problems and conditions. The ability to plan, prepare and execute a staff ride, with a focus on cadet led presentations and discussions, will also be evaluated. In addition, cadets participate in a number of cultural activities during travel.
2026 7

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI410 2020-1 VIOLENCE/SEX: CULTRL HIST WAR 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE HI410 addresses war as something much more complex, unpredictable, and fundamentally human than the rational instrument of policy described in Carl von Clausewitz's On War. It seeks to understand war's objective elements including but not limited to those stemming from biology, psychology, technology, military institutional behavior, and disparate human cultural traditions while also looking how we describe and remember war subjectively through history, literature, film, and other cultural artifacts.
2024 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI460 2020-2 SENIOR FACULTY COURSE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is taught by a senior member in the Department of History in a field of that historian's expertise. The course offers students the opportunity to study under the guidance of a historian in topics not normally offered by the Department of History. This course will include an exploration of the way in which history has been written; including examining the changing interpretations, traditions, methods, and frameworks of historians.
2026 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI460A 2020-2 SENIOR FACULTY COURSE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is taught by a senior member in the Department of History in a field of that historian's expertise. The course offers students the opportunity to study under the guidance of a historian in topics not normally offered by the Department of History.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI461 2020-2 TOPICS IN GENDER HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course examines the development of gender relations, concepts, and roles in historical perspective. Topics may include gender in the military and warfare, the European experience, the American experience, or international comparisons of gender. This course will include an exploration of the way in which history has been written; including examining the changing interpretations, traditions, methods, and frameworks of historians.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 1
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI462 2020-2 THE HISTORY OF INNOVATION 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Innovations in technology, science, thought and ideology have radically changed the course of history across the world. This course examines why these innovations occur and then how they are practically applied in a military, social, political, economic, and cultural context. This course will include an exploration of the way in which history has been written; including examining the changing interpretations, traditions, methods, and frameworks of historians.
2024 2
2026 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI463 2020-2 RACE, ETHNICITY, NATION 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE We use the words ethnicity, race, and nation constantly, but what do these terms really mean? Why are people willing to kill or persecute each other in the name of these ideas? The course will allow cadets to investigate the development of the concepts of ethnicity, race, and nation. They will examine modern conditions such as the Enlightenment, science, the growth of the state, Social Darwinism, and imperialism, and study why these conditions gave rise to diverse but overlapping methods of creating boundaries and defining difference. Although the main focus of the course will be on Europe, the application of these ideas in a variety of global settings - on other continents - will be considered throughout the course. This course will include an exploration of the way in which history has been written; including examining the changing interpretations, traditions, methods, and frameworks of historians.
2025 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI464 2020-2 VISITING PROFESSOR ELECTIVE 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is taught by the visiting Ewing Chair in Military History on a topic of that historian's expertise. The course offers students the opportunity to study under the guidance of a distinguished historian in topics not normally offered by the Department of History. The course may be taught by a distinguished visiting professor on the occasion that the Ewing Chair is unable to do so.
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI494 2022-1 ADV IND STUDY IN HISTORY (1CR) 1.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is an individually supervised research and study program. The cadet may engage in independent research or an internship and research either at West Point or another location, independent of a formal classroom setting. The scope of the course is tailored to the needs of the project and interests of the cadet in consultation with a faculty advisor. Activities vary by project, but the primary purpose is for the cadet to engage in independent study and produce a substantial work of scholarship. With the approval of the Head of the Department, the cadet chooses a research project of interest and is supervised by a faculty member.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI495 2022-1 ADV IND STUDY IN HISTORY (2CR) 2.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is an individually supervised research and study program. The cadet may engage in independent research or an internship and research either at West Point or another location, independent of a formal classroom setting. The scope of the course is tailored to the needs of the project and interests of the cadet in consultation with a faculty advisor. Activities vary by project, but the primary purpose is for the cadet to engage in independent study, usually in preparation for a more substantial project in the future. With the approval of the Head of the Department, the cadet chooses a research project of interest and is supervised by a faculty member.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI496 2022-1 ADV IND STUDY IN HISTORY (3CR) 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is an individually supervised research and study program. The cadet may engage in independent research or an internship and research either at West Point or another location, independent of a formal classroom setting. The scope of the course is tailored to the needs of the project and interests of the cadet in consultation with a faculty advisor. Activities vary by project, but the primary purpose is for the cadet to engage in independent study and produce a substantial work of scholarship. With the approval of the Head of the Department, the cadet chooses a research project of interest and is supervised by a faculty member.
2024 2
2024 8
2025 8
2025 9
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI498 1979-1 COLLOQUIUM IN HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The colloquium employs seminar discussions of important books and scholarly articles to enhance understanding of major historical issues. Subcourses are designed to provide in-depth study of various topics in American, European, military, and international and strategic history. Cadets select a subcourse topic as the basis for their reading program after consultation with their faculty advisor or departmental counselor. Subcourse topics may vary each year in accordance with student interest and faculty expertise. The colloquium satisfies the 400-level course requirement for the history fields of study. Cadets who major in history should complete a colloquium that will support their subsequent enrollment in HI499, Senior Thesis in History.
2025 1
2026 1
2026 2
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI499 1984-1 SENIOR THESIS 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The course provides cadets selecting the major in history with an opportunity to enhance their skills in historical research and analysis. For this reason the course serves as excellent preparation for graduate study in history and related disciplines. Based upon their background and research interests cadets are organized into small thesis-writing seminars. Under the supervision of a seminar advisor, each cadet defines a topic, develops a research plan, accomplishes research, and drafts a thesis. The seminar meets occasionally to discuss issues in historiography and methodology, review progress in research, and critique draft papers. At the end of the semester cadets present their findings and defend their theses before a committee of faculty and fellow students.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
HI499A 2021-2 SENIOR THESIS - A 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE The course provides cadets selecting the major in history with an opportunity to enhance their skills in historical research and analysis. For this reason the course serves as excellent preparation for graduate study in history and related disciplines. Based upon their background and research interests cadets are organized into small thesis-writing seminars. Under the supervision of a seminar advisor, each cadet defines a topic, develops a research plan, accomplishes research, and drafts a thesis. The seminar meets occasionally to discuss issues in historiography and methodology, review progress in research, and critique draft papers. At the end of the semester cadets present their findings and defend their theses before a committee of faculty and fellow students.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
XH341 2020-1 INTEL CYBER HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE Intelligence, Information and Cyber operations have increasingly occupied the national consciousness, although the academic study of intelligence itself was founded as a field in the latter stages of the Cold War. While secret intelligence operations can be traced to ancient times, this course will trace the modern role of intelligence bureaucracies from the early 20th century and examine the role of intelligence, cyber and information operations as the missing dimension of the history of international affairs, with a special emphasis on intelligence in war. Specifically, this course surveys the birth and evolution of Western Intelligence communities from the early 1900s through the beginning of the 21st century. Ethical, diplomatic, military and cultural dimensions of intelligence collection and counterintelligence in democracies will also be considered in a course that seeks to understand contemporary events with historical perspective.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
XH405 2014-2 THE HOLOCAUST AND ITS LEGACY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This is a multi-disciplinary course administered through the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. The Holocaust and its aftermath make enormous demands on us not just emotionally, but intellectually, requiring that we consider it from historical, military, psychological, philosophical, political, scientific, representational and legal perspectives. HX405 is a multi-disciplinary response to these challenges. The course will explore the causes, course, and consequences of the Holocaust, examining the processes that led to the Nazi genocide against the Jews, with a particular focus on the role of the military. It will examine the Holocaust from a variety of perspectives (perpetrators, victims, bystanders, resisters and rescuers), and consider the moral and ethical choices made by members of each group. The course will require an in-depth understanding of German and European history, and it will impart an appreciation for the cultures and mentalities of the interwar and wartime era. The course will utilize primary sources, films, documentaries, testimonies, and propaganda. It will conclude with consideration of the political and legal responses to the Holocaust in the later 1940s, and the later incorporation of the Holocaust into the global public consciousness.
2024 2
2025 2
2026 2
2027 2

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
XH415 2021-1 GENOCIDE AND MASS ATROCITY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This is a multi-disciplinary course administered through the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. It is a multi-disciplinary attempt to understand the dynamics which produce mass atrocity. Cadets will learn of the causes, course, and consequences of selected genocides, examining the processes that led to genocide, with a particular focus on the roles played by militaries. The course opens with the intellectual theories about the phenomena of ethnic cleansing and genocide. It will then move to the analysis of how ethnic cleansing and genocide are tied to conflict and militaries. Drawing from a variety of scholarly disciplines and methodologies, cadets will investigate the moral, legal, historical, and diplomatic problems these terms pose. For the remainder of the course, cadets will examine more directly the case studies of specific incidences of ethnic cleansing and genocide. These case studies will vary year-to-year, but they will include at least two examples of ethnic cleansing or genocide on the American frontier, in German Southwest Africa, the Ottoman Empire, the Soviet Union, Rwanda, Cambodia, Yugoslavia, China and in Europe. Cadets will study primary sources, films, documentaries, testimonies, and propaganda. All iterations of the course will consider the development of Western mass politics and the emergence of racial nationalism and new imperialism in late 19th century Europe.
2025 1
2026 1
2027 1

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
XH491 2020-1 INTERDISCIPLINARY CAPSTNE-HIST 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE This course is for history majors participating in special interdisciplinary capstone projects. The projects may involve one or more academic departments outside of the History Department. Interdisciplinary Capstone Projects must be approved by the History Department Head.

No Course Offerings


COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
ZH315 2010-1 MODERN REGIONAL HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE For Cadets attending foreign military academies or other academic institutions. Cadets will attend classroom instruction and produce a historical research paper to be presented upon return to USMA. Instruction may be in English or foreign language. This class serves as the equivalent to a foreign course covering modern historical developments of the area/region where the cadet is studying. This course covers broad historical processes and developments of the region over a long period of time. The course effectively encompasses a recognized historical era, for example "Modern", "Early Modern", or "Ancient".
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
ZH325 2010-1 TOPICS IN REGIONAL HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE For Cadets attending foreign military academies or other academic institutions. Cadets will attend classroom instruction and produce written historical submissions to be presented upon return to USMA. Instruction may be in English or foreign language. This class serves as the equivalent to a foreign course covering special topics in the area/region where the cadet is studying. Topics include (but are not limited to) specifics eras of history; cultural & ethnic aspects of history; art & literary history; and other scientific & technical history topics.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
ZH335 2010-1 MILITARY HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE For Cadets attending foreign military academies or other academic institutions. Cadets will attend classroom instruction and produce a historical research paper to be presented upon return to USMA. Instruction may be in English or foreign language. This class serves as the equivalent to a foreign course covering modern military history developments of the area/region where the cadet is studying.
2025 8
2026 8

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
ZH345 2010-1 TOPICS IN MILITARY HISTORY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE For Cadets attending foreign military academies or other academic institutions. Cadets will attend classroom instruction and produce a historical research paper to be presented upon return to USMA. Instruction may be in English or foreign language. This class serves as the equivalent to a foreign course covering special military history topics in the area/region where the cadet is studying. Topics include (but are not limited to) specific wars & campaigns; types of war (insurgency, air, naval, ect.); as well as other courses that incorporate military history with aspects of social science or military science.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
ZH355 2010-1 FOREIGN PERSPECTIVES 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE For Cadets attending foreign military academies or other academic institutions. Cadets will attend classroom instruction and produce a historical research paper to be presented upon return to USMA. Instruction may be in English or foreign language. This class serves as the equivalent to a foreign course covering any aspect of United States History or Western Civilization from the perspective of the nation/region where the cadet is studying.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9

COURSE TITLE CREDIT HOURS
ZH365 2010-1 POLITICS AND DIPLOMACY 3.0
(BS=0.0, ET=0.0, MA=0.0)
Scope Offerings
SCOPE For Cadets attending foreign military academies or other academic institutions. Cadets will attend classroom instruction and produce a historical research paper to be presented upon return to USMA. Instruction may be in English or foreign language. This class serves as the equivalent to a foreign course covering special political and diplomatic history topics in the area/region where the cadet is studying. Topics include internal political development and/or international relations and diplomatic history.
2024 8
2024 9
2025 8
2025 9
2026 8
2026 9
2027 8
2027 9